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Easy ways to deal with teenage acne

Acne is a common ordeal for teenagers. If you too have acne, you've come to the right place.

Acne is a common problem among teenagers and often leaves them self-conscious. If you too have acne, you may try all possible home remedies to get rid of the annoying acne or at least make them insignificant. But can we get rid of teenage pimples naturally too?

What causes acne in teenagers?

An increase in the levels of hormones during teenage years causes the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum. The oil clumps with the dead skin cells and other debris, blocking the hair follicles and leading to acne. Acne may not cause serious problems. When left untouched, the pimples or zits will fall off without leaving a scar. However, blocked follicles can get painfully inflamed, and in some situations, may get infected. It can lead to discomfort and may also make the acne more prominent.

The following remedies may help reduce the intensity of teenage acne. The solutions may not provide a complete cure from acne in teenagers but are still worth a try

Wash the face with an oil-free face wash

Buy an oil-free face wash and clean the face twice a day, once in the morning and once in the night. Use only a small quantity to clean the face without scrubbing the skin. Pat dry the skin with a towel instead of wiping it clean. You can pick a face wash that has an exfoliating feature to help remove the layer of dead skin on the surface. Less dead skin and dead cell debris may reduce the chances of clogged follicles. Pick a face wash that contains 5% benzoyl peroxide and use it only once a day for a week. After a week, use it twice a day for up to four or six weeks to attain relief from acne.

Consider zinc products

Research suggests that zinc and its compounds may help reduce the intensity of acne. Topical use of zinc oxide may be helpful as it absorbs oil and reduces the redness of the skin. Oral consumption of zinc may provide relief from acne. However, if the teen is eating a healthy diet, then they may not need zinc supplementation because it is found in a variety of foods, including wheat germ, oatmeal, sesame seeds, poultry products, seafood, and meat.

Vitamins

A study found that those with acne may have low levels of vitamin A and E in their body. Adequate intake of these vitamins may reduce acne and improve the skin condition. A safe and healthy source of vitamin A for a teen is fruits and vegetables.

Honey and cinnamon face mask

Research suggests that a combination of honey and cinnamon powder can work against acne-causing bacteria. Certain natural compounds in these food items may act against the proliferation of Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus epidermidis, the bacteria associated with the formation of acne.

Here is how you can prepare the face mask:

  • Mix one teaspoon of cinnamon powder with one tablespoon of honey.
  • Wash the face, pat it dry, and apply the mixture evenly on the face.
  • Leave it for 20 minutes and wash it off.

Tea tree oil

Research suggests that tea tree oil may reduce the severity of acne among those with mild to moderate acne. Tea tree oil is an essential oil and comes from the leaves of Melaleuca alternifolia, or the tea tree. A study found that the application of 5% topical tea tree oil can help reduce the intensity of acne. Tea tree oil may work slowly, and some experts state that it may require three months of use to show visible results.

Avoid dairy products

Milk may expose a teen to hormones and other compounds that may exacerbate teenage acne. Health experts do acknowledge that dairy products can cause acne in some individuals. Besides the likely presence of hormones, it is not known how and why dairy may cause acne. Avoid dairy for a month or more and observe if there is any difference. If you notice the acne diminishing and the skin improving without dairy in the diet, then your child can permanently stay away from dairy products.

Manage stress

Emotional and mental stress does not cause acne but may aggravate existing acne. Research suggests that the sebaceous glands may be affected by the corticotropin-releasing hormone, a stress hormone in the body. The hormone could lead to excess sebum production, thus increasing the likelihood of acne.

Exercise

Exercise can cause the adrenal glands to produce fewer hormones that trigger acne flare-ups. Regular exercise can also bring down the levels of stress hormones that could cause acne. Exercise has a positive impact on a teenager’s overall health and is worth a try for controlling acne.

Acne may be a cause of concern for the teenager, but it is often a normal part of growing up. Most adults have had to deal with acne during their teenage years. The severity of acne tends to decrease eventually, as the child moves towards the end of their teenage years. Care, a good diet, and a healthy lifestyle and attitude can help the teenager face teenage acne.

 

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Menstrual cramps in teens

Menstrual Cramps as known as Dysmenorrhea (pronounced as dis-men-o-ree-a ) is a common problem in teenage girls. And that is why it is often overlooked and not given much attention to. But the question is, why bear pain when you can treat it yourself?

Menstrual cycle or periods can be light and easy for some teenage girls, but for others, they can be heavy and along with painful cramps. Cramps are a huge reason why teenage girls miss their school, sports practices, and even may avoid social events and outings. Period cramps are severe pains in the lower belly which occur during periods. These occur usually during the first few days of periods. These period cramps are caused by a chemical named prostaglandin, which makes the muscle in the uterus contract resulting in pain.

Menstrual cramps should not be confused with PMS. PMS occurs before a girl’s period begins and get a lot better when the period starts. While menstrual cramps usually get worse the first day or two.

Menstrual cramps are of two types:

Primary: These cramps start soon after a girl gets her first period. They are usually lifelong but may get better over time.

Secondary: These are caused by another health problem, like an infection and starts later.

A teenage girl is more at risk for menstrual cramps under the following conditions:

  • Got her first period at an early age
  • Has long or heavy periods
  • Has a family history of menstrual cramps

Symptoms of menstrual cramps can occur a bit differently in each teen. Few of the most common symptoms are:

  • Cramping and pain in the lower abdomen
  • Low back pain
  • Pain spreading down the legs
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Tiredness
  • Weakness
  • Fainting
  • Headaches

Treatment of menstrual cramps

  • Take a healthy diet
  • Get enough sleep
  • Exercise regularly
  • Put a heating pad across the lower abdomen
  • Take a hot bath or shower
  • Acupuncture
  • Abdominal massage

If none of these help, you can consider taking Ibuprofen but consult a gynaecologist before taking any medication. Also, in order to understand what works best for you, what are your signs of PMS, and how often you get menstrual cramps, it is best to maintain a period diary. There are plenty of apps developed for the same task or you can simply download or print the Period Diary er have created for you here, https://www.teentalkindia.com/toolbox/article/53

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