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Treatment of Psychological Phobias

Phobias are highly curable, and people who have them are nearly always aware of their disorder.

Identification of specific phobias is based on a detailed clinical interview and diagnostic guidelines. Mental health practioners ask questions about your symptoms and take a medical, psychiatric and social history. Understanding the reason of a phobia is actually less significant than focusing on how to treat the avoidance behavior that has developed over time.

 As you learn how to manage and relate to your reactions, thoughts and feelings, you'll find that your anxiety and fear are reduced and no longer in control of your life. Treatment is typically directed at one specific phobia at a time. Sometimes doctors may also recommend other therapies or medication.

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The best treatment for specific phobias is a type of psychotherapy called exposure therapy. Exposure therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy are the best effective treatments.

Exposure therapy focuses on altering your response to the object or situation that you fear. Gradual and repeated exposure to the source of your specific phobia and the related thoughts, feelings and sensations may help you learn to cope up your anxiety. For example, if you're afraid of elevators, your therapy may proceed from simply thinking about getting into an elevator, to looking at pictures of elevators, to going close an elevator. Then, you may take a one-floor ride, then ride several floors, and then in a crowded elevator.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) comprises of exposure combined with other techniques to learn ways to view and manage with the feared object or situation differently. You learn different beliefs about your fears and bodily sensations and the effect they've had on your life. CBT give emphasis to learning to develop a sense of mastery and confidence with your thoughts and feelings rather than feeling overwhelmed by them.

Hypnotherapy may help some manage and overcome a phobia which is often led by a therapist, and it involves taking the person with a phobia through the process of guided imagery. They may imagine they are facing the object of their phobia and then practice self-relaxation techniques.

  • Mindfulness exercises may be helpful in learning how to tolerate anxiety and reduce avoidance behaviors.
  • Relaxation techniques, that involve deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation or yoga, may help cope with anxiety and stress.
  • Physical activity and exercise may be helpful in managing anxiety linked with specific phobias.
  • Regular exercise, eating properly, nutritious diet, getting enough sleep and reducing / avoiding caffeine and other stimulants.

Phobias are highly curable, and people who have them are nearly always aware of their disorder. This helps diagnosis greatly. If the phobia does not cause major problems, most people find that simply avoiding the source of their fear helps, they stay in control. Many people with specific phobias will not pursue treatment as these fears are often manageable. There is no single treatment that works for every person with a phobia rather it needs to be tailored to the individual for it to work.

The doctor, psychiatrist, or psychologist may advise behavioral therapy, medications, or a combination of both. Each phobia is different and hence, no single self-help program will work for everyone. Once treatment starts, a phobia is likely to improve and generally does not have ongoing effects. 


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Why picture-perfect?

Of many threats that social media has imposed, the constant urge to be picture-perfect all the time impacts self-image and self-esteem issues.
Gousiya Teentalkindia Content Writer

Social media has given rise to many other problems, one such issue that we teens are facing a constant pressure of being picture-perfect. Everyone seems to be obsessing about showing off their lives and that they live a happy and perfect life on social media. The 50 beautiful pictures of the “yummy food” are more likely for a social media post rather than to be consumed. If you receive a gift from someone, all your social media accounts need to know that.

If there’s an event in the family or a friends gathering, you are required to post photos of it as evidence of your happy life and amazing experiences. A picture that has larger than life look and exuberate happiness all over seem to be more important than the actual event itself.

If you agree to the above-mentioned statements, then you too are a victim of trying to be picture-perfect all the time. The picture-perfect images and lives portrayed on social media are having a worrying impact on young people’s self-esteem and mental health.

To stop yourself from getting in the trap, here are some tips:

Acknowledge the fact that social media is in fact a virtual place. We are there in order to be connected with our friends and in some cases to be updated with the world. It doesn’t have to take a special and unavoidable place in your life.

Not the entire world needs to know about your whereabouts. So, you can have a meal without telling everyone how delicious it was.

No matter how enticing other’s life may be, accept the fact that everyone has his/her own problems. That way you won’t be intimidated by amazing pictures shared by others.

You are perfect just the way you are. Be comfortable in your skin and you’d be attractive naturally.

Focus on your real life, as they say ‘get a life!’


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