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Fear and Phobia are different

The difference between fear and a phobia lies in the normality of fear, versus the abnormal features of a phobia.

Everyone uses different languages to express their emotions. I have seen many clients who use the word “phobia” to describe ordinary fear as they are not aware of the difference between fear and phobia.

Fear and Phobias are almost similar though. A fear is an emotional response to a real or perceived threat, while a phobia is an irrational fear of something that's unlikely to cause harm. 

Fear is a normal and healthy part of everyone’s life. It plays an important role in keeping you alert from entering harmful situations and helping you decide when to get out of situations that are not best for you.

However, a phobia turns a normal fear into an irrational one which takes control over your mind. There are a few people who have some phobias and they realize that their fears are irrelevant but still they don’t have any control over it.     

Fear can also become a phobia when the anxiety as well as the mental and physical response starts to interfere with everyday life. 

A person who has some kind of phobia might experience a fast beating heart, breathing difficulties, sweating, an overwhelming need to flee from the phobic situation, and sometimes they have a fear of death.

How the Responses are different for Fear and Phobia :


Let’s take a common situation where “Roohi is scared about flying in an airplane”

When you have a fear of something, you always tend to avoid that particular thing or situation. So here Roohi always gets anxious when she has to board a plane. Sometimes she takes medicines to avoid this anxious feeling or sometimes she takes some drink before the flight that helps her to manage her fear while travelling. She prefers to travel by other means except for flight, but when it’s necessary she takes these precautions and travels.

This situation will differ if Roohi has a phobia of flying. The responses will be extreme. If Roohi has to board the flight when she has a mild phobia of flying then she might feel sweaty, shaky or she might cry out of fear and turbulence might make it worse. The whole experience can be miserable. 

If Roohi has a severe phobia of flying then she won’t be able to board a flight at all. She will cancel trips and vacations if she has to travel by flight and don’t have any other transportation options. She may be unable to pick or drop any of her family members or friends at the airport. She may become anxious from the noise of planes flying in the sky.

Getting help :                                                   


Phobias have individualized symptoms and severity and hence cannot be self-diagnosed. Here in this article, we have discussed some guidelines for you to decide when to seek help. The symptoms mentioned here may vary from person to person.

After reading this if you feel that you may have a phobia then please seek help from mental health professionals i.e. either psychologists or psychiatrists. They will help you with accurate diagnosis and treatment.

 

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NEXT STORY


Seasonal Affective Disorder

Don’t ignore your negative feelings by naming them as “winter blues”. This can be a serious concern if it is not treated at the right time.
Snigdha Teentalkindia Counsellor

Ananya who was in 9th grade was very good in studies. She was very punctual in doing her assignments and studies. She was always in the top 5 students in her class. She was full on her energy level too and actively participated in sports.

From the month of October, however, her performance in studies started to drop. She couldn’t concentrate in class and after coming home from school, all she wanted to do is sleep. Her parents were thinking that this is just because of some bad influences of her friends and her laziness. They used to scold her. She scored fewer marks in the test conducted in the month of January. After that, she slowly went back to normal study routine and started socializing again. She scored decent marks in her final exam. 

Her parents thought this was just a phase and it is over now as she started doing well in studies. Everything was going fine. But when the same thing happened the next year around the same time of the year, her parents took her to a doctor where she was diagnosed with Seasonal affective disorder. 

What is Seasonal Affective Disorder?

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that begins and ends at the same time every year. A person with SAD will start showing the symptoms when winter is approaching and the symptoms will continue till the winter season ends. The symptoms might start with mild but they can be moderate with the season. With time when spring arrives, the days start to get longer and nights start to get shorter -- the person with SAD finds relief from the symptoms and feels less fatigue. 

Symptoms of SAD

The symptoms are more or less the same as depression. A person with SAD might feel these things – 

  • Lack of interest in doing activities that he/she loves doing.
  • Feeling fatigued throughout the day
  • The energy level is always low.
  • Not able to sleep properly but still wants to be in bed.
  • Lack of focus and concentration
  • Feeling worthless, hopeless and guilty 
  • Sometimes having self-harm or suicidal thoughts.
  • Craving for foods that are high in carbohydrates.
  • Lack of socialization.

 

Causes of SAD

After many pieces of research, experts have found out that the main cause of SAD is a chemical imbalance in our brain. The two chemicals serotonin and melatonin regulates our mood, sleep, appetite and energy level. 

In winter, when the days are short and the nights are long, it results in an increase in the melatonin level and a decrease in the serotonin level in our brain which causes depression.

Melatonin is responsible for sleep. When the nights are longer there is an increase of production of melatonin in our brain due to which the person feels fatigued and negative throughout the day. They are not interested in doing anything at this time. 

However, serotonin increases when the person is exposed to sunlight. So the person has a lower level of serotonin and high level of melatonin in winter which gives rise to SAD.

Treatment of SAD

Being tired, lazy, change in sleep pattern or appetite change can be the symptoms of other mental health disorders also. To treat seasonal affective disorder, a proper diagnosis from a qualified psychiatrist is very important. If the symptoms are mild then the doctor might not prescribe any anti-depressants and just advice therapy sessions and more exposure to sunlight. But if the symptoms are moderate then medications might be needed with light therapy. 

As SAD has symptoms of laziness, lack of concentration, procrastination etc, people often are confused. Even parents and teachers think that the child is just not trying their best and they continue to scold the child. If you think you are experiencing these symptoms or you know anyone in your friends or family members who are showing these symptoms, then ask them to take professional help from a psychiatrist. 

Be it depression or seasonal affective disorder or any other mental health disorder, all of these can be and should be treated. You just have to be open about sharing this with someone who you think will help you.

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